If one wants to mention something that will happen by incident, like “Tomorrow I am not going to the meeting” the verb “lähe” should be used. On the other hand, if one refers to something that occurs in a constant basis, like “I go to a restaurant every friday”, the verb “käin” must be used.
Also important, one must keep in mind that the place/entity to which we refer will be handled differently. So the rules are the following ones:
- lahë (to go) – one expresses the idea of going somewhere (to where – kuhu). Endings are -sse, -le plus some exceptions
- käin (no exact translation) – one expresses the idea of being somewhere (where – kus). Endings are -s and -l
- Tomorrow I am not going to the meeting = Homme ma ei lahë koosolekule
- This sunday I am going to Saaremaa to someone’s place = Sel laupäeval ma lähen Saaramaale külla
- Every friday I go to a bar or a restaurant = Reedeti me käime baaris või restoranis (note for reedeti instead of redeel: when referring cyclical events, the temporal names are different)
- Every thursday and tuesday, he/she goes to training = Neljapäeviti ja teisipäeviti ta käib trennis.
To describe what one is dressing it is usual to go by “parts” of the body. Example:
- I’m wearing a t-shirt, a jumper and a jacket. ~ Mul on T-särk, džemper ja jakk, seljas.
(Literally: I have t-shirt, jumper and jacket, in trunk.)
- I’m wearing a cap and a scarf. ~ Mul on müts, peas ja sall kaelas.
(Literally: I have cap in head and scard in neck.)
- I’m wearing pants and shoes. ~ Mul on teksased ja saapad jalas.
(Literally: I have pants and boots in legs.)
To express a <condition> -> <action/state> idea, one may use the following structure: “Kui (something), siis (something).”
- If/When I don’t have dinner, I feel hungry. ~ Kui ma ei söö lõunat, siis mul on kõht tühi.
(Literally: If/When I don’t eat dinner, then I have belly empty.)
- If/When the meeting is too long, then I get borred. ~ Kui koosolek on liiga pikk, siis mul on igav.
(Literally: If meeting is too long, then I have annoyance.)
- If/When the temperature is plus 35 degrees, then I’m hot. ~ Kui temperatur on +35 kraadi, siis mul on palav.
(Literally: If temperature is plus 35 degrees, then I have heat.)
check states of mind and physic list