zesantos on Estonian Language

25 October, 2007

Do you often do … ?

Filed under: Uncategorized — zesantos @ 11:47 pm

Kas sa … tihti … ?

  • Do you often drink wine ? = Kas sa tihti jood veini ?

Events: specific vs cyclical

Filed under: Uncategorized — zesantos @ 10:43 pm

If one wants to mention something that will happen by incident, like “Tomorrow I am not going to the meeting” the verb “lähe” should be used. On the other hand, if one refers to something that occurs in a constant basis, like “I go to a restaurant every friday”, the verb “käin” must be used.

Also important, one must keep in mind that the place/entity to which we refer will be handled differently. So the rules are the following ones:

  • lahë (to go) – one expresses the idea of going somewhere (to where – kuhu). Endings are -sse, -le plus some exceptions
  • käin (no exact translation) – one expresses the idea of being somewhere (where – kus). Endings are -s and -l

Examples:

  • Tomorrow I am not going to the meeting = Homme ma ei lahë koosolekule
  • This sunday I am going to Saaremaa to someone’s place = Sel laupäeval ma lähen Saaramaale külla
  • Every friday I go to a bar or a restaurant = Reedeti me käime baaris või restoranis (note for reedeti instead of redeel: when referring cyclical events, the temporal names are different)
  • Every thursday and tuesday, he/she goes to training = Neljapäeviti ja teisipäeviti ta käib trennis.

Colors

Filed under: colors,Uncategorized — zesantos @ 10:05 pm
  • black = must
  • blue = sinine
  • brown = prun
  • green = roheline
  • pink = roos
  • purple = lilla
  • red = punane
  • white = valge
  • yellow = kollane

20 September, 2007

Using plural with adjectives

Filed under: adjectives,body,face — zesantos @ 11:27 pm
  • suur + silm = suured silmad (big eyes)
  • väike + jalg = väiksed jalad (smal legs)
  • ilus + kõrv = ilusad kõrvad (beautiful ears)
  • roheline + silm = rohelised silmad (green eyes)
  • kitsas + huul = kitsadhuuled (narrow lips)
  • tume + kulm = tumedad kulmud (dark
  • lühike sõrm = lühikaed sõrm
  • kole + kõrv = koledad kõrvad
  • tume + juuksed = tumedad juuksed
  • hele + ripsmed = heledad ripsmed
  • lai + hammas = laiad hambad (wide teeth)
  • kole + vuntsid = koled ??

States

Filed under: states — zesantos @ 11:22 pm
  • annoyance = igav
  • cold = külm
  • hot (feeling hot) = palav
  • hungry = kõht tüvi (belly empty)
  • thursty = janu
  • tired= väsinud

17 September, 2007

Adjectives

Filed under: adjectives — zesantos @ 11:47 pm
  • beautiful = ilus
  • big = suur
  • fat = paks
  • happy = rõõmus
  • long/tall = pikk
  • old = vana
  • sad = tõsine
  • short = lühike
  • slim = peenike
  • small = väike
  • smart = tark
  • stupid = rumal
  • ugly= kole
  • young = noor

Body ~ Keha

Filed under: body — zesantos @ 11:23 pm
  • back = selg
  • belly = kõht
  • finger(s) = sõrm(ed)
  • foot/feet or leg(s) = jalg/jalad
  • hand(s) or arm(s) = käsi/käed
  • head = pea
  • knee(s) = põlv(ed)
  • neck = kael
  • shoulder(s) = õlg/õlgad
  • tongue = keel
  • toe/toes = varvas/varbad

16 September, 2007

Face ~ Nägu

Filed under: face — zesantos @ 10:33 pm
  • eye(s) = silm(ad)
  • eyebrow(s) = kulmud
  • ear(s) = kõrv(ad)
  • hair = juuksed
  • lip(s) = huul(ed)
  • nose = nina
  • tongue = keel
  • tooth/teeth = hammas/hambad

Clothes ~ Riided

Filed under: clothes,Uncategorized — zesantos @ 10:23 pm

To describe what one is dressing it is usual to go by “parts” of the body. Example:

  • I’m wearing a t-shirt, a jumper and a jacket. ~ Mul on T-särk, džemper ja jakk, seljas.
    (Literally: I have t-shirt, jumper and jacket, in trunk.)
  • I’m wearing a cap and a scarf. ~ Mul on müts, peas ja sall kaelas.
    (Literally: I have cap in head and scard in neck.)
  • I’m wearing pants and shoes. ~ Mul on teksased ja saapad jalas.
    (Literally: I have pants and boots in legs.)

Composing conditional sentences

Filed under: conditional,Uncategorized — zesantos @ 1:14 pm

To express a <condition> -> <action/state> idea, one may use the following structure: “Kui (something), siis (something).”

Some examples:

  • If/When I don’t have dinner, I feel hungry. ~ Kui ma ei söö lõunat, siis mul on kõht tühi.
    (Literally: If/When I don’t eat dinner, then I have belly empty.)
  • If/When the meeting is too long, then I get borred. ~ Kui koosolek on liiga pikk, siis mul on igav.
    (Literally: If meeting is too long, then I have annoyance.)
  • If/When the temperature is plus 35 degrees, then I’m hot. ~ Kui temperatur on +35 kraadi, siis mul on palav.
    (Literally: If temperature is plus 35 degrees, then I have heat.)

check states of mind and physic list

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